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Table 4 Eligible phantom studies

From: CT protocol optimisation in PET/CT: a systematic review

ManufacturerNumber of articlesNumber of datasetsStudyNo. of phantom studyProtocol parametersDose index
Scan typeProtocol intentScan districtkVpmAs modulationmA or mAs (reference)Current selection weight basedRotation time (s)Slice thickness (mm)PitchCollimationCTDIvol (mGy)ED (mSv)
GE Medical System719Sera et al. [11]N.A.a axialCWB120N.A.80 mAsN0.8N.A.N2510.86N.A.
Sera et al. [11]N.A.cCHead and neck120N.A.80 mAsN1N.A.N255.49N.A.
Huang et al. [32]N.A.helicalN.A.WB120Y100–300 mAN0.50.6250.984N.A.N.A.7.2 mSv female
7.42 mSv male
N.A.N.A.WB120N250 mAsN0.50.6250.984N.A.N.A.18.56 mSv female
18.57 mSv male
N.A.N.A.WB140Y150–350 mAN0.50.6250.984N.A.N.A.25.68 mSv female
25.95 mSv male
Javadi et al. [19]N.A.BHeart120N600 mAN0.350.625N.A.N.A.15.619.6
Brady et al. [30]N.A.cBWB80Y65–130 mANN.A.3.750.985N.A.N.A.N.A.
N.A.cBWB100Y80–160 mANN.A.3.750.985N.A.N.A.N.A.
N.A.cBWB100Y110–210 mANN.A.3.750.985N.A.N.A.N.A.
N.A.cBWB100Y110–220 mANN.A.3.750.985N.A.N.A.N.A.
N.A.cBWB120Y150–210 mANN.A.3.750.985N.A.N.A.N.A.
Brix et al. [16]N.A.aCWB140N.A.150 mAsNN.A.2.51.5N.A.14.1N.A.
Sera et al. [11]N.A.aN.A.WB120N.A.100 mAsN0.5N.A.0.82406.62N.A.
Alessio et al. [31]N.A.AWB80N10 mAsN0.52.50.98N.A.N.A.N.A.
N.A.AWB100N20 mAsN0.52.50.98N.A.N.A.N.A.
N.A.AWB120N40 mAsN0.52.50.98N.A.N.A.N.A.
N.A.AWB140N80mAsN0.52.50.98N.A.N.A.N.A.
Umeda et al. [33]N.A.N.A.WB120YN.A.N0.53.750.938N.A.N.A.N.A.
Javadi et al. [19]N.A.step and shootDHeart120N600 mAN.A.0.350.625NN.A.4.55.4
Philips Healthcare310Murray et al. [21]N.A.aaxialBWB120N50 mAsNN.A.5N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.
Sera et al. [11]N.A.ahelicalCWB120N.A.71 mAsN0.8N.A.0.8311.7N.A.
N.A.aCWB110N.A.50 mAsN0.6N.A.1.553.67N.A.
N.A.aCWB130N.A.70 mAsN0.6N.A.1.557.37N.A.
N.A.aCWB130N.A.50 mAsN0.8N.A.1.51.256.24N.A.
N.A.aCWB130N.A.80 mAsN0.6N.A.1.538.52N.A.
Sera et al. [11]N.A.cN.A.Head and neck110N.A.50 mAsN0.6N.A.1.557.8N.A.
N.A.cN.A.Head and neck130N.A.47 mAsN0.8N.A.0.835.54N.A.
Brix et al. [16]N.A.aCWB120N.A.195 mAsNN.A.51.5N.A.9.5N.A.
N.A.aBWB120N.A.60 mAsNN.A.6.51.5N.A.2.9N.A.
Siemens Healthcare319Sera et al. [11]N.A.aaxialCWB120N.A.80 mAsN0.5N.A.N58.09N.A.
N.A.cCHead and neck120N.A.80 mAsN1N.A.N107.34N.A.
Kumar et al. [34]42bhelicalBN.A.130N16 mAsNN.A.5N.A.4CTDIw 5.41N.A.
42bBN.A.130N25 mAsNN.A.5N.A.4CTDIw 4.9N.A.
42bBN.A.130N30 mAsNN.A.5N.A.4CTDIw 4.32N.A.
42bBN.A.130N35 mAsNN.A.5N.A.4CTDIw 3.8N.A.
42bBN.A.130N40 mAsNN.A.5N.A.4CTDIw 3.28N.A.
42bBN.A.130N45 mAsNN.A.5N.A.4CTDIw 2.71N.A.
42bBN.A.130N50 mAsNN.A.5N.A.4CTDIw 1.73N.A.
Sera et al. [11]N.A.aCWB130N.A.70 mAsN0.6N.A.1.5510.41N.A.
N.A.aCWB130N.A.91 mAsN0.6N.A.1.558.88N.A.
N.A.aCWB130N.A.86 mAsN0.6N.A.1.558.61N.A.
N.A.aCWB130N.A.50 mAsN0.8N.A.0.834.93N.A.
N.A.cCHead and neck130N.A.50 mAsN0.8N.A.0.8311.49N.A.
N.A.cCHead and neck130N.A.50 mAsN1N.A.0.55310.92N.A.
Brix et al. [16]N.A.aCWB130N.A.111 mAsNN.A.41N.A.11.9N.A.
N.A.aBWB110N.A.30 mAsNN.A.42N.A.1N.A.
N.A.aCWB120N.A.200 mAsNN.A.1.51.25N.A.11.2N.A.
N.A.aBWB120N.A.32.5 mAsNN.A.0.751.25N.A.2N.A.
  1. A CT acquisition for anatomic localization and attenuation correction,, B CT acquisition for attenuation correction only (ultra-low dose), C CT acquisition for diagnostic purposes and attenuation correction, D WB CT acquisition for anatomic localization and attenuation correction + CT segmentary acquisition for diagnostic purpose, N.A. data not available, WB whole body, Y yes, N no, CTDI computed tomography dose index, ED effective dose
  2. aClinical protocol studied on phantom, here are reported with the same values both in adult and phantom tables
  3. bTotal not differentiated
  4. cClinical protocol studied on phantom, reported here with the same values both in paediatric and phantom tables